Tuesday, August 6, 2019

Rest apis powered by GraphQL

We can understand "Rest Api" means any system expose its functionality over http. So the consumer of api can make a http request to avail the functionalities. JSON is the data format in which client and server communicate over http.

GraphQL is a query language for api which enable the client of rest apis to ask what they need exactly. The same time server side its super easy to expose more functionaries in a generic way and cater lots of specialized request. 

more details # https://graphql.org/

GarphQL in Java # https://www.graphql-java.com/

In this article we will see an example where GraphQL is used with JAX-RS (Jersey) based rest implementation. And we will use Hibernate as Data Fetcher for GraphQL.

Its a standard gradle project, created with eclipse.  Here is the link to my github.


1. Lets start with build.gradle

We have the dependencies for jersey, graphql, hibernate, ojdbc driver and some helpers like gson and gauva.

2. In web.xml we have initialised the jersey servlet, there we have specified init parameters to look for com.rest package.

3. Inside source we have com.rest.Employee.java which expose the rest end point GqlDemo/rest/employee

We have the Query() method to handle the incoming http post request for graph ql queries.

4. We have created GraphQl provider which load the schema definitions from resources/schema.graphqls
we have defined the wiring for query employeeById.

5. In GraphQLDataFetcher we have the implementation for employeeById. where we get the request parameter value and process. Here I have used hibernate to query the database.

Here is a screen shot of postman request/response.

I will try to answer if any question on this. Please let me know your feedback.

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